When I was a sophomore in high school I was assigned selections from Hamlet to read in my English class. I read it, understood it, and took notes in the margins as I was asked to do. But the following day I was told I didn’t have “enough” annotations and was assigned a detention (a Friday Evening Inconvenience – it was boarding school).
But what is “enough” when it comes to annotation? As a college student I think I finally learned to annotate so that my thinking – at the time I took the note – was clear to me when it came time to use the note.
I think that, as teachers, we need to help students connect to the text through annotation. This starts with how we select the text and how we select the assign the annotation. We have to give them clear guidelines and support. Annotation is a skill that needs to be developed
Chunk – How can you break up longer texts?
Purpose – What’s the learning objective? Make this explicit to the students so you can all begin with the end in mind
Quantify – How many comments do you expect per paragraph, per page?
Notations – What do you want to see in the margins? Symbols, questions, definitions, specific connections? Symbols or color coding should include a key each time.
Rereads – When you need them to reread for fluency or in a coaching group, give them a different purpose or lens for the next read
We can use technology or low tech tools to support students through universal design.
- Color coded sticky notes with questions or comments written on them
- Hypertext annotation to definitions, expansion of ideas, etc.
- Kami – potential shared annotation
- Google Docs – comments in the margins
- A document camera will allow you to model the annotation, with out-loud metacognitive thinking about why and how you are annotating, for students. Some document cameras will allow you to record the whole thing for playback later.
Last year South Anchorage High School teachers began the tradition of teaching a common text on the same day. This year they will do it again with texts about 9/11, starting with this old blog post of mine that I shared.
September 11th was a current event and now it’s a moment in history; most high school students weren’t even alive in 2001. This is also a very personal event for most of us. We have a personal connection to what happened because it changed the world around us and changed how we view the world.
I taught the events of 9/11 through my personal story (my dad worked in the South tower and, at the time the building collapsed we still had not heard from him) and through poetry.
And then we went to stories that have been written down. I read “The Names” by Billy Collins and I told them it makes me think of everyone I’ve lost, that echoes of people are everywhere. Next came “Prayer for the Dead,” by Stuart Kestenbaum. His line, “…if you discover some piece of your own writing, or an old photograph, you may remember that it was you and even if it was once you, it’s not you now…” because that’s the reason I have them write an autobiography over the course of the year, so they can look back and see themselves as freshmen in high school. And the last poem, “Five Years Later,” by Tony Gloegger, addresses survivor’s remorse and the pain all of us go through when forced to tell about or relive something traumatic.
I love how new-to-South teacher Ken Hemenway added to the ideas and discussion.
I was attending graduate school in Boston on September 11 and went to New York to visit a girl I was dating in Hoboken, NJ, Friday through Sunday of that week. I have very vivid memories of the smoke, smell, and utter bewilderment of the whole situation from a personal perspective. Needless to say it was surreal and I’ll never forget the numerous places where people had put up papers, pleading for information regarding their lost, loved ones.
I attended Boston College with a young man by the name of Welles Crowther. He played lacrosse and our paths crossed being I was also playing hockey at the time and the student athlete population was a close knit community.
He lost his life on September 11th and I put a link for a short ESPN video presentation entitled “9/11 The Man in the Red Bandanna.” I’m not sure if anyone would like to use this, but I think it may compliment some of the great material shared above.
I’m eager to see how this looks in classes on Monday and will be visiting a teacher to see it in action.
How do you teach 9/11 as an English/language arts teacher? How do you teach other difficult topics and current events like Ferguson, Charlottesville, Syrian refugees, etc. so your students build empathy and cultural literacy?
This is my seven year-old’s drawing of September 11th, some sort of pirate airplane attack – that is how he created context. I don’t know what prompted him to draw it for me but I have it hanging in my office as a reminder of the importance of teaching kids about difficult topics.
There is no way to ruin a trend like having teachers adopt it.
But I love this! And there is a Google Chrome extension for inserting bitmoji into documents‽‽‽ Life changing. So simple yet so so good.
I’m not sure there is anything better than 17th Century poetry used in a rap battle. I used THIS lesson plan from last year since my Honors American Literature students are reading Hemingway’s A Farewell to Arms and Andrew Marvell’s “To His Coy Mistress” is included in chapter 23.
The other day I stumbled across Timeline JS, a site that assists you in creating multimedia timelines. I found the site while searching for visual autobiography tools for my seniors but after assigning a short, paper, biographical timeline of John Steinbeck, I realized it would be a good project for my Honors American Literature 10th graders.
I suppose it is a bit similar to Prezi but it looks more like a traditional timeline running at the bottom and you control it in a more linear fashion. The website gives you a couple of different ways of compiling the data sets; we used the provided Google spreadsheet with our school district Google Apps accounts. Students were divided into two teams of about 15 students each with one group creating a timeline of the author and the other a timeline of the Great Depression; after appointing a team leader they began populating the spreadsheet with evidence from the web. I appreciate that it has places for students to credit the creators of the material rather than just copying and pasting links.
note the name of the YouTube poster at the bottom right of the video
Here are the timelines : larissawright-elson.com Before the timelines were officially “done” I viewed each while running Screenr to give feedback to the students and have them make the necessary corrections. I posted the links to those videos here in case anyone is interested in how to give verbal/video/screencast recorded feedback.
I like the end result and the variety of media that the students chose to tell the story of their subject. I think this would also work well as a way of proving a thesis for a problem-based learning project or another multi-media assignment that benefits from being more linear in nature. Comparing and contrasting timelines of The Great Depression and The Great Recession perhaps? Students were a little thrown by how finicky editing a spreadsheet can be, but I thought they did a good job of finding evidence.
American Literature students created responses to Walden in 2007 and 2008.
Students chose a theme to illuminate and then two quotes from Walden that illustrated their theme.
Title: False Reality
Quote: Do you live in a false reality? Yes. So maybe you should listen to this. Unless you’re too “cool”. Which you aren’t, you just think you are becuase you are living in a false reality. Ha! So listen and learn about your own false reality.
Student examples can be found on my website. https://sites.google.com/site/larissawrightelson/classes/american-literature/podcasts
Walden assignment seminar
Created March 2009
What it is
Step 1: choose three quotes from Walden that “speak” to you personally
Step 2: find two contemporary books (other media must be approved) that relate somehow to your quotes and record the bibliographical information
Step 3: implement an action plan that makes a change in your life and is related to the quotes – you will give a presentation to the class during the first week in March
eat a healthy breakfast every day
stop wearing a watch
live in a tent in the yard
keep a dream journal
stop cracking knuckles
create a piece of art every day
create a musical composition each week
read children’s literature
clean out closet & donate clothing
clean out storage boxes
At the end of the assignment students filled out self-evaluations with the following questions:
- What worked in my project these last few weeks? What did not work?
- What brought me happiness/disappointment?
- Where was I successful?
- What were my greatest challenges/lessons?
- What am I most proud of ? What do I most regret?
- How did I grow, improve, and expand myself?
- What letter grade would I give myself (add +s and -s) for this project? Think about whether you pushed yourself enough and how you could have improved.